When deciding to import from China, you should remember to choose the right form of transport, due to the rising costs of sea transport, it is also worth considering alternative forms of transport from China, including rail and air transport, and the increasingly popular – road transport.
Rail transport from China
Along with the development of the New Silk Road investments, further improvement of rail transport from China can be expected. This form of transport allows for the transport of large-size goods in the form of general cargo or in full containers.
The most popular railway routes from China to Poland are the Xi’an-Małaszewice route, launched in 2019 and the Chengdu-Łódź route, launched in 2013. Depending on the chosen route, the transit time may vary between 11 and 20 days, but there is a possibility of extending the transport time. Due to the much lower transit time than sea transport and much lower transport price than air transport, it is one of the most popular means of transport. It is worth to watch out for incoterms, everyone must ask themselves what is DAP? What is FOB to choose the right incoterms for rail transport.
Air transport from China
The fastest and the most expensive form of transport from China, it is most often used for the transport of goods with shorter expiry dates. Air transport is also distinguished by a high level of security, which is why it is often chosen for the transport of high-value goods. Due to the relatively small size of the aircraft, air transport is recommended only for the transport of goods weighing up to 200-300 kg.
The main cargo airports are in Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong. The standard transit time was 3-7 days, but due to the pandemic, it is possible to extend the time to 2 weeks.
Sea transport from China
Sea transport remains the most popular means of transporting goods due to the distance between China and Poland and low transport prices. The cargo can be imported in the form of general cargo or in full containers due to the high load capacity of sea transport.
The main seaports in China are in Shanghai, Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Tianjin, from which goods go to the seaports of Gdańsk and Gdynia, or to other major seaports in Europe, depending on the need. Currently, sea transport to Poland takes between 30 and 45 days, so it is the form of transport with the longest transit time. Nevertheless, it should be remembered that transport from China is influenced by the calendar, in particular the Chinese holiday calendar, the upcoming Chinese New Year may extend the planning of the supply chain.